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Baptista, Luis and R. Keister. Why Bird Song Is Sometimes Like Music. Paper presented at the BioMusic Symposium, AAAS Annual Meeting, 2000.

Fox, Peter T., Larry M. Parsons, and Donald A. Hodges. "Neural Basis of the Comprehension of Musical Harmony, Melody, and Rhythm" (PDF: 70 KB). Texas Music Education Research, 1999.

Gray, Patricia M., Bernie Krause, Jelle Atema, Roger Payne, Carol Krumhansl, and Luis Baptista. "The Music of Nature and the Nature of Music." Science, 291 (5 January 2001): 52-4.

Music without BordersMilius, Susan. "Music without Borders." Science News, 15 April 2000.

Payne, Roger. Whale Songs: Musicality or Mantra?. Paper presented at the BioMusic Symposium, AAAS Annual Meeting, 2000.

Tramo, Mark Jude. "Music of the Hemispheres." Science, 291 (5 January 2001): 54-6.

Neurobiological FoundationsTramo, Mark Jude, Peter A. Cariani, Bertrand Delgutte, and Louis D. Braida. "Neurobiological Foundations for the Theory of Harmony in Western Tonal Music." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 930 (2001): 92-116.

Developmental OriginsTrehub, Sandra E. "The Developmental Origins of Musicality." Nature Neuroscience, Vol. 6, No. 7 (July 2003): 669-73.

West, Meredith. "Mozart's Starling." American Scientist, March/April 1990.

Further Readings

Blacking, John. Music, Culture and Experience. London: University of Chicago Press, 1995.

Conable, Barbara. What Every Musician Needs to Know About the Body. Andover Press, 1998.

Cooper, R.P and R.N. Aslin. "Preference for Infant-Directed Speech in the First Month After Birth." Child Development, 61 (1990): 1584-95.

Cross, I. "Is Music the Most Important Thing We Ever Did?" Music, Mind, and Science. Ed. Won Yi. Seoul: Seoul National University Press, 1999.

Feld, Steven. Sound and Sentiment: Birds, Weeping, Poetics, and Song in Kaluli Expression. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1990.

Feld, Steven. "From Ethnomusicology to Echo-Muse-Ecology: Reading R. Murray Schafer in the Papua New Guinea Rainforest." The Soundscape Newsletter, Number 8 (June 1994).

Fernald, A. "Meaningful Melodies in Mothers' Speech to Infants." Nonverbal Vocal Communication: Comparative and Developmental Approaches. Eds. H. Papousek, U. Jergens & M. Papousek. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

Gelman, R. and K. Brenneman. "First Principles Can Support Both Universal and Culture-Specific Learning About Number and Music." Mapping the Mind: Domain Specificity in Cognition and Culture. Eds. L.A. Hirschfeld and S.A. Gleman. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Krause, Bernie. Wild Soundscapes: Discovering the Voice of the Natural World. Berkeley, California: Wilderness Press, 2002.

Krause, Bernard L. "The Niche Hypothesis: A Virtual Symphony of Animal Sounds, the Origins of Musical Expression and the Health of Habitats. The Soundscape Newsletter, Number 6 (June 1993).
Wild Sanctuary(More reports are available on Krause's web site, Wild Sanctuary.)

Lawson G., C. Scarre, I. Cross, and C. Hills. "Mounds, Megaliths, Music and Mind: Some Acoustical Properties and Purposes of Archeological Spaces. Archeological Review from Cambridge, 15/1 (1998): 111-34.

McNeill, William H. Keeping Together in Time. London: Harvard University Press, 1995.

Nature vs Nurture"Nature vs. Nurture: the Talk in Birdtown." An interview with Meredith West and Dave White. Indiana University.

Papousek, Mechthild. "Intuitive Parenting: a Hidden Source of Musical Stimulation in Infancy." Musical Beginnings. Eds. I. Deliege and J. Sloboda. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996.

Russell, Robert. "Getting Your Hands on Music: An Analysis of Interactive Music Exhibits." Informal Learning Review, 51 (November/December 2001): 1.

Zatorre, Robert J. and Isabelle Peretz, eds. "The Biological Foundations of Music." Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, Vol. 930 (June 2001).

Schafer, R. Murray. The Soundscape: Our Sonic Environment and the Tuning of the World. Rochester, Vermont: Destiny Books, 1977, 1994.

Scherer, Klaus and Marcel Zentner. "Emotional Effects of Music: Production Rules." Music and Emotion: Theory and Research. Eds. Patrik N. Juslin and John A. Sloboda. Oxford & New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

Sloboda, J. A. "Does Music Mean Anything?" Musicae Scientiae, 2/1 (1998): 21-32.

Southern, P.M.T. The Music-Archaeology of the Paleolithic Within Its Cultural Setting. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, Cambridge University, 1992.

Nature vs NurtureWeinberger, Norman. "Feel the Music." Musica Research Notes, Vol. VIII, No. 1 (Winter 2001).

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